CHORIORETINAL INFLAMMATORY DISEASES - Infectious Causes
Toxoplasmosis is a common cause of intraocular inflammation and posterior uveitis in immunocompetent patients.
It predominantly affects children and young people (25-45 years of age) and is characterized by recurrences that can ultimately lead to significant visual loss.
In congenital toxoplasmosis, retinal involvement is characterized by the presence of a large, atrophic, excavated scar in the macula or elsewhere.
The acquired form is characterized by the presence of focal necrotizing retinitis with the involvement of inner retinal layers and overlying vitritis.
- Acute retinal necrosis
- Foreign body
- Fuchs’ heterochromic uveitis
- Granulomatous anterior uveitis