Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome
Vitreomacular traction syndrome is a disorder caused by incomplete posterior vitreous detachment with persistent traction on the macula. It usually produces cystoid changes and decreased visual acuity.
Epimacular membrane formation without posterior vitreous detachment may predispose patients to a vitreomacular traction syndrome. Fibrocellular proliferation between the inner surface of the retinal and posterior surface of the vitreous results in increased vitreoretinal adhesion.
Vitrectomy is effective in releasing vitreomacular traction and, in many cases, restores macular anatomy and induces regression of cystoid macular edema.