CHORIORETINAL INFLAMMATORY DISEASES - Noninfectious Causes
The term "uveal" or "ciliochoroidal" effusion refers to an abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the outer layer of the choroid and ciliary body. The fluid usually collects in the suprachoroidal layer, although in some cases this results in a true ciliochoroidal detachment from the sclera.
A chronic accumulation of a protein-rich fluid in the choroid may result in an outer blood-retinal barrier breakdown, causing a non-rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.
Uveal effusion does not refer to a specific entity, but rather to an anatomic condition caused by a variety of ocular and systemic disorders.
CLASSIFICATION OF UVEAL EFFUSION
- Ciliary body dysfunction (traction, ischemia)