RETINAL DYSTROPHIES AND SYNDROMES
Macular dystrophies encompass a group of progressive degenerations of the retina and/or choroid affecting the macular area. They represent phenotypical manifestations of metabolic disorders or mutations in genes expressed in the posterior retina.
They are characterized predominantly by changes in the posterior pole of genetic etiology, and are often bilateral and symmetrical. The disease usually begins at an early age, has a slow progression, and leads to decreased central visual acuity and central scotoma. At present, there are no treatment modalities to prevent disease progression.
Sorsby’s macular dystrophy is inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion, manifests usually between the 4th and 5th decades of life, and is characterized by a rapid and progressive loss of central visual acuity and peripheral...