TRAUMATIC AND TOXIC RETINOPATHIES
Commotio retinae is characterized by gray-white discoloration of the outer retina due to photoreceptor outer segment disruption following blunt eye trauma. It may be accompanied by hemorrhages or choroidal rupture.
It can occur centrally or peripherally, and when it involves the macula, it is called Berlin´s edema.
Prognosis is usually excellent except in cases with associated subfoveolar choroidal rupture and/or subfoveolar hemorrhage.
These changes gradually resolve spontaneously.