TRAUMATIC AND TOXIC RETINOPATHIES
Chorioretinitis sclopetaria is a full-thickness disruption of the choroid and retina secondary to the concussive forces generated by the deceleration of a high-velocity projectile near the sclera, without entering the eye.
The projectile creates shock waves that can rupture the choroid and retina, but leave the sclera intact. Vitreous hemorrhages are common. Lesions heal with a white fibrous scar and retinal pigment epithelium changes and are usually located in the peripheral retina.
- Choroidal rupture